- Ceramic Tiles
- Ceramic Glaze Tiles
- Digital Tiles
“Ceramic” comes from the Greek term Keramos, meaning "a potter" or "pottery”. Since the infancy of ceramics, up to this very day, the process is still very much the same; for the creation of all ceramic materials, one needs to bake a mixture of clays at a very high temperature.
A ceramic tile, therefore, is the resulting product, after a mixture of clays have been treated appropriately, pressed, fired at a high temperature and cut to size. A ceramic tile consists of two parts: the body, which is called the “bisque” and the surface, which is called the “glaze”.
Porcelain tiles are made from a blend of fine-grain clays and other minerals to produce a very dense body, which makes them highly resistant to moisture, staining and wear. These tiles are more dense than ceramic tiles and have water absorption of >0.5% and <3%. Because porcelain tiles have low water absorption, they are usually frost resistant.
Porcelain tiles with special glazes fired at high temperature make the glazed surfaces very hard, and therefore, suitable for heavy traffic areas. Porcelain tiles are resistant to stains, scratches, frost and abrupt thermal changes. Because of these features, porcelain tiles are able to withstand years of heavy foot traffic in both interior and various exterior locations. They are also able to maintain their color and beauty for a very long time.
Vitrified tiles are non-glazed tiles. Their hardness and polish is achieved by virtue of the pressing together of very hard materials. Vitrified tiles are extremely strong and durable and processed in such a way that they allow for very little water absorption. Vitrified tiles have a water absorption of <0.1%.
Vitrified tiles allow for a “full body” tile, which means that the design is not merely on the surface of the tile, but runs throughout the entire tile. The advantage of this is that the tiles become incredibly strong.
Highlighters are a small number of tiles presented in such a way so as to give the main tiles a stronger look and to make the entire decoration more interesting. For example, on a wall of cream colored tiles, you may want to add a single or double row of darker tiles in order to give the colored tiles a greater definition.
Tiles only break once they are laid, if there is an air bubble between the base of the tile and the setting material.
Yes, it is possible for tiles to be laid upon tiles, but care should be taken that the floor is level. Laying tiles upon other tiles is of course cheaper and less time consuming than completely renovating the floor.
Cement. For laying tiles upon tiles, a chemical adhesive is used.
- 1 meter = 3.28 feet
- 1 meter = 100 centimeters
- 1 centimeter = 10 millimeters
- 1 square meter = 10.764 square feet
- 1 foot = 30.48 centimeters
- 1 foot = 12 inches
- 1 inch = 2.54 centimeters
This is a chemical used for placing in between joints, to prevent dust particles or stains from seeping into the joints of tiles or mosaics.
This is a plastic cross, used to separate tiles while laying, in order to add greater precision to the process.